Muscle aches and joint pain, chills, dizziness, extreme fatigue, nausea and vomiting and headaches are some of the most characteristic symptoms of influenza (flu), one of the most important conditions in winter along with cold. Here are some tips and treatments to combat these threats.
Symptoms of cold and flu
Nose, throat, bronchi and, occasionally, the lungs are some of the areas of our body that are affected by acute viral infection of the upper respiratory tract known as flu, which is responsible for causing fever ranging between 38 and 40 °C.
With a duration of approximately one week in our body, the flu virus can be transmitted quite easily from one person to another by means of a series of tiny particles ejected from the coughs and sneezes of an infected person, expanding considerably as seasonal epidemics. Another of the most common ways of catching flu is when a person is in contact with something that is impregnated with this virus and then some part of his body touches like the nose.
Overall, between the second and the fourth day, the fever and muscle aches begin to disappear. However, other symptoms occur or stay somewhat annoying as the throat, sneezing or coughing frequently. The feeling of tiredness and dry cough may remain after the first week.
Those patients who suffer from flu in a more acute scale, medical professionals will prescribe antiviral or other type of drugs in the event that it presents certain complications.
Some of the preventive measures that are recommend by all physicians is to stay at home one day after the fever is gone, avoid sharing food and other household utensils in case you live with others, cover your mouth when coughing with a tissue and maintain the maximum hygiene of hands.
By contrast, the cold is presented as a viral disease of the respiratory tract that can cause inflammation in areas such as the nasal cavity, nose or larynx and, unlike what happened with the flu, usually causes fever. The first symptoms of a cold are related to nasal congestion, dry throat, runny nose or sneezing. The cough occurs when the nasal symptoms begin to subside.
Dealing with the symptoms of cold and flu
Once the flu or cold have done with the mastery of our body, you can relieve the first symptoms by drinking and hot meals, avoid shelter in excess when the fever seizes us because all you get is increase your body temperature, and not to subject your body under any circumstances to unnecessary extreme efforts.
Some of the remedies we have at our disposal in our domestic environment to address the symptoms of cold or flu are, for example, milk with honey, tea lemon, cinnamon and honey, lemon with olive oil, ginger, warm orange juice with honey, pennyroyal infusion or chamomile and thyme, which is antiseptic.
Similarly, there are drugs available to ease the symptoms. Some drugs will help relieve nasal congestion and clear nostrils with up to 12 hours and others will relieve symptoms such as fever, muscle aches and fatigue. But, it is important to consult with your doctor before taking any medication.
Tips for prevention
Among other things, it is recommended to stay away from those people who are infected with flu virus or have colds, ventilate the house and your workplace for a few minutes each day to renew the air that is inside and prevent contagion it extends.
As stated in previous lines, it is best to avoid contact with objects that may have to be in contact with saliva or secretions from persons infected by influenza virus.
Indeed, in winter we will try to conveniently take shelter and avoid places with very high heat and put aside harmful habits for our body like smoking or drinking alcoholic beverages, and take foods rich in vitamin E and C to strengthen our defenses such as tangerine, kiwi, bananas or strawberries. Moreover, we will choose to practice sport regularly, which will help to improve the functioning of our immune system.