Cervical Cancer: Symptoms and Diagnosis

Cervical cancer development usually takes very slow and it begins as dysplasia, a precancerous condition. It may take several years for the changes to become cervical cancer. Usually there are no noticeable signs of cervical cancer early until the malignant cells have invaded nearby tissues are presented.

However, this condition can be detected early by a test of vaginal Papanicolaou (Pap test) and is 100% treatable. or they have not been followed up on abnormal results in these. Women should have yearly exams, including a Pap smear to detect abnormal cells in the cervix. Finding this cancer early will get the prognosis better. Unfortunately, in most cases, women diagnosed today with cervical cancer have not received Pap test regularly.

As the tumor grows in size, it can produce a variety of symptoms including:

  • Menstruation with stronger and more prolonged bleeding.
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge (may have bad smell) and that continues.
  • Irregular vaginal spotting or bleeding that occurs after having sex, or between periods or after menopause.
  • Pelvic or back pain
  • Painful urination

Many of these symptoms are not specific to cervical cancer and could be present in other conditions. However, it is important to go immediately to your gynecologist if you have any of them.

This cancer can invade other organs such as bladder, intestines, even up to the liver and the lungs. Often, women do not experience serious problems until the cancer has reached an advanced stage. The symptoms that may occur at an advanced stage are:

  • Back pain
  • Fractures or bone pain
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Recto-vaginal fistula
  • A decreased appetite
  • Pelvic pain
  • Swelling in one leg
  • Unexplained weight loss

Diagnosis

To detect (find) and diagnose cervical cancer, your doctor will use tests that examine the cervix.

  • Pap test: procedure to collect cells from the surface of the cervix and vagina to be checked under a microscope to look for abnormalities. This procedure is also called Pap smear.
  • Test of uman papillomavirus (HPV): laboratory test used to analyze the DNA (genetic material) to determine whether there are certain types of HPV. This test is also called DNA testing for HPV.
  • Colposcopy : procedure by which a speculum called a colposcope (an instrument, magnifying light that is inserted into the vagina) is used so that the doctor can determine whether abnormal areas in the vagina or cervix.
  • Biopsy: If abnormal cells are found in a Pap test, your doctor will probably do a biopsy of cervical tissue for a pathologist to observe under a microscope to check for signs of cancer.
  • Pelvic exam: examination during which the doctor makes use of one or two fingers, gloved and lubricated, inserted into the vagina, while the other hand exerts a slight pressure on the abdomen to feel the size, shape and position of the uterus and ovaries. A colposcope is also inserted into the vagina and the doctor looks at the vagina and cervix for signs of disease. Usually it will use this time to take a sample of tissue from the cervix (Pap smear).
  • CT, MRI or ultrasound: to check how far the cancer has grown.

Dieting to Lower Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a type of fat that fulfills important functions in the body, such as used to produce vitamin D in the body when we take the sun, or being part of cell membranes. So cholesterol is neither good nor bad in food, but once it is in the blood. And it is that being a fat molecule, it needs to be carried in the blood using special "vehicles", lipoproteins, and these are what make the cholesterol "bad" or "good":

  • "Bad" when it is transported by LDL.
  • "Good" when it is carried by HDL.

At first we refer to "bad cholesterol" because it tends to be slow and get stuck on the walls of blood vessels and arteries. So in excess, it is harmful because it damages these walls and further clogging the blood circulation. The second instead, the "good cholesterol" is faster and more efficient, and collects the cholesterol that has been cornered on the walls of the arteries and blood vessels. You can consider it as the "sweeper". Having high "bad" cholesterol is a health risk because fatty deposits on the walls of blood vessels are, as the WHO (World Health Organization) indicates, the most common cause of heart attacks as well as strokes.

What are the possible reasons behind high levels of "bad cholesterol"?

  • Genetics: when your liver produces more cholesterol than needed and also has difficulty eliminating the "bad cholesterol" (LDL).
  • Because of menopause: women at menopause have an increase in their cholesterol levels.
  • Because of eating too much junk foods, not taking fruits and vegetables daily and eating too much red meat instead of lean meats and fish.
  • Because of being overweight or obese.
  • Because of having diabetes
  • Because of smoking and / or drinking alcohol regularly
  • Because of not practicing exercise or not having an active life Lifestyle and especially dietary habits play a fundamental role in controlling cholesterol. A diet or healthy eating can help you control and reduce your cholesterol.

How should your diet be to lower cholesterol?

The Mediterranean diet has been scientifically proven to be the best dietary tool to improve your cardiovascular health, lower your "bad" cholesterol and raise your "good" cholesterol. The American Heart Association has recognized it for not only its preventive and therapeutic effects, but that low - fat diets for the treatment of heart disease, such as high cholesterol, are a mistake. What is more important than the amount of fat in your diet is the quality of the fat that you take.

The Mediterranean diet is characterized by the use of local, fresh and seasonal foods, whenever possible, along with a relative frugality. The abundance of plant products promotes a good presence of soluble fiber (that lowers LDL cholesterol), vitamins and antioxidants that ensures great health benefits. Vegetables, fruits, tubers, grains and nuts form the basis of this diet. Fish, poultry, eggs and dairy products are consumed moderately, while red meat and its derivatives are anecdotal of Mediterranean recipes. Olive oil is the fat that stars in this diet, an integral part of Mediterranean history and cultures, not only as food but also as a symbol.

Another awesome feature of the Mediterranean diet, besides improving your cholesterol levels, is that it is among the best diets that work for weight loss according to WeightOfTheNation. And as we said above, being overweight or obese promotes high cholesterol. So, by losing your weight with this diet, you are taking advantage of double health benefits.

How to Treat Drug Allergies

Do you have allergies to certain medications? This is a fairly common problem and so today from our health blog we are going to tell you how to treat their main effects.

Symptoms of drug allergies and what to do

Reactions and symptoms of drug allergies may be of all types and consequences; from skin or respiratory to neurological manifestations.

It does not have to be a new drug, but one that you used regularly can start to cause adverse symptoms derived from antibody generation in your body. However, you should not worry too much, since most of the problems that cause these allergies are hives or rashes. But, you need to pay attention to side effects that you feel in your body , because they could worsen and lead to a deadly anaphylaxis.

An anaphylaxis is an allergic reaction that occurs rapidly after exposure to an allergen. Mild to severe symptoms including anxiety, abdominal pain, chest tightness, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, rashes and breathing difficulties may occur.

If we find someone suffering from anaphylaxis, we should call emergency immediately since it is life threatening. While doctors come we should not give anything to drink or eat to the person, nor place a pillow under the head, especially if he is having trouble breathing normally.

Depending on how the allergic reaction to the medicine of the subject is to act in one way or another. The most important thing is to calm the person, because anxiety can cause the person get worse. Then we try to identify the drug that has produced the allergy. Then take the person to a doctor. If the reaction is very strong it is best to go directly to the emergency room. Meanwhile, we have to check that the airways are not obstructed.

How to Fight the Symptoms of Cold and Flu

Muscle aches and joint pain, chills, dizziness, extreme fatigue, nausea and vomiting and headaches are some of the most characteristic symptoms of influenza (flu), one of the most important conditions in winter along with cold. Here are some tips and treatments to combat these threats.

Symptoms of cold and flu

Nose, throat, bronchi and, occasionally, the lungs are some of the areas of our body that are affected by acute viral infection of the upper respiratory tract known as flu, which is responsible for causing fever ranging between 38 and 40 °C.

With a duration of approximately one week in our body, the flu virus can be transmitted quite easily from one person to another by means of a series of tiny particles ejected from the coughs and sneezes of an infected person, expanding considerably as seasonal epidemics. Another of the most common ways of catching flu is when a person is in contact with something that is impregnated with this virus and then some part of his body touches like the nose.

Overall, between the second and the fourth day, the fever and muscle aches begin to disappear. However, other symptoms occur or stay somewhat annoying as the throat, sneezing or coughing frequently. The feeling of tiredness and dry cough may remain after the first week.

Those patients who suffer from flu in a more acute scale, medical professionals will prescribe antiviral or other type of drugs in the event that it presents certain complications.

Some of the preventive measures that are recommend by all physicians is to stay at home one day after the fever is gone, avoid sharing food and other household utensils in case you live with others, cover your mouth when coughing with a tissue and maintain the maximum hygiene of hands.

By contrast, the cold is presented as a viral disease of the respiratory tract that can cause inflammation in areas such as the nasal cavity, nose or larynx and, unlike what happened with the flu, usually causes fever. The first symptoms of a cold are related to nasal congestion, dry throat, runny nose or sneezing. The cough occurs when the nasal symptoms begin to subside.

Dealing with the symptoms of cold and flu

Once the flu or cold have done with the mastery of our body, you can relieve the first symptoms by drinking and hot meals, avoid shelter in excess when the fever seizes us because all you get is increase your body temperature, and not to subject your body under any circumstances to unnecessary extreme efforts.

Some of the remedies we have at our disposal in our domestic environment to address the symptoms of cold or flu are, for example, milk with honey, tea lemon, cinnamon and honey, lemon with olive oil, ginger, warm orange juice with honey, pennyroyal infusion or chamomile and thyme, which is antiseptic.

Similarly, there are drugs available to ease the symptoms. Some drugs will help relieve nasal congestion and clear nostrils with up to 12 hours and others will relieve symptoms such as fever, muscle aches and fatigue. But, it is important to consult with your doctor before taking any medication.

Tips for prevention

Among other things, it is recommended to stay away from those people who are infected with flu virus or have colds, ventilate the house and your workplace for a few minutes each day to renew the air that is inside and prevent contagion it extends.

As stated in previous lines, it is best to avoid contact with objects that may have to be in contact with saliva or secretions from persons infected by influenza virus.

Indeed, in winter we will try to conveniently take shelter and avoid places with very high heat and put aside harmful habits for our body like smoking or drinking alcoholic beverages, and take foods rich in vitamin E and C to strengthen our defenses such as tangerine, kiwi, bananas or strawberries. Moreover, we will choose to practice sport regularly, which will help to improve the functioning of our immune system.

How to Fight Tonsilloliths

Do you feel sore throat by eating food, intermittent cough, or bad breath? It is possible that the formation of tonsil stones (tonsilloliths) are responsible for this condition. Proper treatment can be useful to eliminate these symptoms.

What are tonsils?

The tonsils are part of the lymphatic system and help fight infection, although for some children, they may constitute a major source of problems. Although you may suffer from tonsillitis at any age, it is most frequent between 3 and 6 years old. In this regard, recent research realize the benefits tonsils can offer in the fight against infections during the first three years of life. Formed in the fetus during the 16th pregnancy week, tonsils react without delay against a pathogen. First, they create a lot of cells that receive the pathogenic germs and antigens. Such cells are also be responsible for decoding each and every one of the characteristics of specific antibodies. That information will be transmitted to other organs of the lymphatic system.

However, as with other organs of the respiratory tract, the tonsils can also be a frequent target of viruses and bacteria. Precisely when food particles and other debris accumulate in the channels or "crypts" of the tonsils, eventually they harden into a calcified mass that will lead to the aforementioned tonsilloliths.

Symptoms and treatment of tonsilolitis

One of the first symptoms of tonsilolitis (inflammation of the tonsils as a result of infection) is the sore throat, which may be accompanied by fever, chills and swelling of the lymph nodes of the jaw and neck. They are also common fatigue and loss of appetite and difficulty swallowing (swallowing food). Sometimes there is also middle ear infection, for having obstructed one of the Eustachian tubes, the pair of tubes connecting the throat to the middle ear mentioned.

Medical professionals are the ones who must determine whether the tonsilolitis is due to a virus or a bacterium. In this sense, we want to emphasize on how relevant it is to develop a convenient oral and tonsils hygiene. For that, we suggest you make use of a set of instruments that will facilitate the work of cleaning and ultimately help take care of your oral health. We refer to tonsilloliths extraction kits. Among these, you will find curved tip syringe that allow cleaning all types of accumulated debris in the tonsils. They are also kits that feature LED lighting will help you navigate the tonsils in detail so we can remove large tonsil stones trapped inside.

When you remove these stones and cleanse regularly your tongue, sore throats and tonsillitis appearance will be diminished considerably. You must not forget to leave that blank material in the mouth, it will be the perfect environment for bacteria to feed on. At the end it will prevent bacteria stop multiplying.